Injuries; Personal Injuries; Injuries Cause by Negligence

Injuries Caused by Trauma, such as Car Accidents, Fall, or other Traumatic Events.

Medical Terms Often Seen in Medical Documents Related to Traumatic Injury:

Often, after an injury, you read the doctor's report to see what he says your injury is/was, and it may seem like it was written in Latin. They don't use everyday terms to describe your injury in their medical records and reports. I've compiled a list, and will update it periodically, of injuries and terms used for those injuries, along with an explanation of what that terminology typically means - along with a few examples.

The best way to understand what is wrong with you is to talk with your medical provider / doctor. Medical terms are used on reports - and often they seem to speak for themselves, but usually its best to ask your doctor directly what the terms mean that have been written down - especially if you don't completely understand what was written.

Term Seen in Medical Reports in Injury Cases:

  • ACL Tear - Anterior Cruciate Ligament tear in the knee. Knee ligament tear of ligament needed for stability in knee.
  • Acute injury - Back sprain or strain
  • Adrenal - Example: Adrenal hemorrhage
  • Amnestic - Example: Concussion - amnestic to event
  • Anterior -
    1. Example: Bone bruises of the anterior aspect of medial and lateral femoral condyles
    2. Example: Subcortical fracture anterior medial aspect of the medial femoral condyle
    3. Example: C2-3 - 3-4mm disc herniation slightly contacts the right anterior spinal cord
  • Anterolateral - Example: Anterolateral proximal tibia
  • Anterolisthesis - Example: Anterolisthesis Mild grade I
  • Arthritis - Example: Severe arthritis in knee
  • Aspiration - Example: Aspirated about 40 cc of cloudy appearing synovial fluid
  • Bilateral - Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm bilateral paracervical and lumbar spine
  • Blepharochalasis - (inflamation of eyelid)
  • Blowout - Example: Localized blowout fracture of left orbital floor
  • Blunt - Example: Blunt trauma chest-wall pain
  • Bone bruises - Example: Bone bruises of the anterior aspect of medial and lateral femoral condyles
  • Bone Spurs -
  • Branch Blocks - Example: Cervical injections & branch blocks
  • Brevis Tendons - Example: Mild tenosynovitis to the intersection of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons at the dorsal aspect of the wrist
  • Bruised lung
  • Bulging -
    1. Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
    2. Example: Small Disc Bulge at L5-S1
    3. Example: Bulging lumbar discs on CT exam C2-3 - Example: C2-3 - 3-4mm disc herniation slightly contacts the right anterior spinal cord
  • Carpal Canal - Example: Inflammatory change in carpal and Guyon's canal
  • Carpal Navicular - Example: Fracture carpal navicular left wrist
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Carpi Radialis - Example: Mild tenosynovitis to the intersection of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons at the dorsal aspect of the wrist
  • Cervical -
    1. Example: Cervical Sprain, Cervical Strain
    2. Example: Cervical injections & branch blocks
  • Cervical fracture
  • Cervical Injections - Example: Cervical injections & branch blocks
  • Cervical lordosis -
    1. Example: Reversal of the cervical lordosis
    2. Example: Straightening of cervical lordosis
    3. Example: Abnormal straightening of cervical lordosis
  • Cervicobrachial Syndrome
  • Collateral - Example: Sprain medial collateral ligament
  • Complications - Example: Risk of complications
  • Concussion -
    1. Example: Post concussion syndrome
    2. Example: Neuropsychological evaluation concussion
    3. Example: Concussion - amnestic to event
  • Condyles -
    1. Example: Bone bruises of the anterior aspect of medial and lateral femoral condyles
    2. Example: Subcortical fracture anterior medial aspect of the medial femoral condyle
  • Consciousness - Example: Loss of consciousness
  • Contusion -
    1. Example: Marrow contusion
    2. Example: Seatbelt chest contusion
    3. Example: Renal contusion
    4. Example: Pulmonary contusions
    5. Example: Lung contusion
  • CT exam - Example: Bulging lumbar discs on CT exam
  • Curvature convex - Example: Mild lumbar curvature convex to the left
  • Diabetes issues
  • Differential Diagnosis
  • Diffusely - Example: Diffusely tender under the knee
  • Diplopia (double vision)
  • Disc -
    1. Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
    2. Example: Small Disc Bulge at L5-S1
    3. Example: Bulging lumbar discs on CT exam
  • Discal - Example: Left paracentral discal substance protrusion/herniation
  • Discectomy - Example: Laminectomy/Discectomy
  • Dislocation
  • Dorsal -
    1. Example: Mild tenosynovitis of extensor digitorum/indicis tendons dorsal to the wrist
    2. Example: Mild tenosynovitis to the intersection of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons at the dorsal aspect of the wrist
  • Ecchymotic - Example: Abrasion ecchymotic (purple bruising)
  • Edema -
    1. Example: Edema left eye
    2. Example: Edema (fluid) in knee from trauma
  • Effacing - Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
  • Effusion - Example: Examination of rt knee shows large joint effusion
  • Elevated - Example: Elevated signal in shoulder
  • Entrapment - Example: Inferior herniation of extraconal fat and possible entrapment of left inferior rectus
  • Epicondylitis - Example: Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)
  • Examination - Example: Examination of rt knee shows large joint effusion
  • Extension - Example: range of motion is 10 degrees full extension and around 80 degrees flexion
  • Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus - Example: Mild tenosynovitis to the intersection of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons at the dorsal aspect of the wrist
  • Extensor Digitorum / Indicis Tendons - Example: Mild tenosynovitis of extensor digitorum/indicis tendons dorsal to the wrist
  • Extraconal - Example: Inferior herniation of extraconal fat and possible entrapment of left inferior rectus
  • Facial - Example: facial-head-nasal abrasions
  • Femoral -
    1. Example: bone bruises of the anterior aspect of medial and lateral femoral condyles
    2. Example: Subcortical fracture anterior medial aspect of the medial femoral condyle
  • Fenestration - Example: Acquired fenestration or tear of the TFC complex associated with escape of joint fluid in the inferior radioulnar recess
  • Flexion -
    1. Example: Pronounced with flexion
    2. Example: Range of motion is 10 degrees full extension and around 80 degrees flexion
  • Fibula
  • Fracture -
    1. Example: Localized blowout fracture of left orbital floor
    2. Example: Subcortical fracture anterior medial aspect of the medial femoral condyle
    3. Example: Fracture carpal navicular left wrist
    4. Example: Cervical fracture
  • Functional Capacity evaluation -
  • Gamekeepers Fracture -
  • Guyon's Canal - Example: Inflammatory change in carpal and Guyon's canal
  • Headaches
  • Hemorrhage - Example: Adrenal hemorrhage
  • Herniation - Examples:
    1. Back or Neck: C2-3 - 3-4mm disc herniation slightly contacts the right anterior spinal cord
    2. Orbital: Orbital floor Fx fissure w soft tissue swelling and herniation of fat into the defect
    3. L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
    4. Left paracentral discal substance protrusion/herniation
  • Horns - Example: Grade 1 changes to posterior horns of menisci - but not torn
  • Hypermobility - Example: Hypermobility suggestive of cervical strain
  • Impingement - Example: Impingement left shoulder
  • ICH
  • Inferior -
    1. Example: Inferior herniation of extraconal fat and possible entrapment of left inferior rectus
    2. Example: Acquired fenestration or tear of the TFC complex associated with escape of joint fluid in the inferior radioulnar recess
  • Inferior Radioulnar Recess - Example: Acquired fenestration or tear of the TFC complex associated with escape of joint fluid in the inferior radioulnar recess
  • Inflammatory or Inflammation - Example: Inflammatory change in carpal and Guyon's canal
  • Infrahilar - Example: Right infrahilar stranding
  • Injections - Example: Cervical injections & branch blocks
  • Intersection of the Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus - Example: Mild tenosynovitis to the intersection of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons at the dorsal aspect of the wrist
  • Interspinious ligamentous regions
  • Intervertebral disc syndrome
  • Kidney Laceration - Example: Kidney laceration
  • Knee injury -
    1. Example: MCL tear, probably grade 3
    2. Example: ACL tear
    3. Example: Edema (fluid) in knee from trauma
    4. Example: Hinge knee brace
  • L2-3 - Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
  • L3-4 - Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
  • L4-5 - Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
  • L5-S1 -
    1. Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
    2. Example: Small Disc Bulge at L5-S1
  • Laceration -
    1. Example: Liver laceration grade II
    2. Example: Kidney laceration
  • Laminectomy - Example: Laminectomy/Discectomy
  • Lateral -
    1. Example: Lateral list of thoracic spine suggestive of muscle spasm
    2. Example: Bone bruises of the anterior aspect of medial and lateral femoral condyles
    3. Example: Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)
  • Ligament -
    1. Example: Sprain medial collateral ligament
    2. Example: ACL
  • Liver laceration -
    1. Example: Liver laceration grade II - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liver_injury - covers 10-50% of surface area, 1-3cm in depth
  • Localized - Example: Localized blowout fracture of left orbital floor
  • Lumbago
  • Lumbar -
    1. Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm bilateral paracervical and lumbar spine
    2. Example: Bulging lumbar discs on CT exam
  • Lumbar Strain -
  • Lumbosacral
  • Lung contusion
  • Marrow - Example: Marrow contusion
  • Maxillary - Example: Maxillary sinus hemorrhage left
  • Maximum Medical Improvement (MMI) -
  • MCL Tear - Example: MCL tear, probably grade 3
  • Medial -
    1. Example: Bone bruises of the anterior aspect of medial and lateral femoral condyles
    2. Example: Subcortical fracture anterior medial aspect of the medial femoral condyle
    3. Example: Sprain medial collateral ligament
  • Medial Collateral Ligament - Example: Sprain medial collateral ligament
  • Menisci - Example: Grade 1 changes to posterior horns of menisci - but not torn
  • Morbidity - Example: Morbiditiy and mortality all rated as high risks
  • Mortality - Example: Morbiditiy and mortality all rated as high risks
  • MRI - Example: MRI right knee
  • Muscle Soreness
  • Muscle spasm -
    1. Example: Paravertebral muscle spasm
    2. Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm parascapular musculature
    3. Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm bilateral paracervical and lumbar spine
    4. Example: Paracervical muscle spasms
    5. Example: Paralumbar muscle spasms
  • Myalgia - Example: Post traumatic myalgia
  • Myofacial
  • Nasal - Example: Facial-head-nasal abrasions
  • Navicular - Example: Fracture carpal navicular left wrist
  • Neck - Example: Radiating neck pain
  • Neuromuscular reeducation
  • Neuropsychological evaluation concussion
  • Orbital floor Fracture fissure
  • Pain -
    1. Example: Thoracic Spine Pain
    2. Example: Pain on palpatation,
    3. Example: Radiating neck pain
    4. Example: Pain management
  • Pain management
  • Palpatation - Example: Pain on palpatation,
  • Paracentral - Example: Left paracentral discal substance protrusion/herniation
  • Paracervical -
    1. Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm bilateral paracervical and lumbar spine
    2. Example: Paracervical muscle spasms
  • Paralumbar - Example: Paralumbar muscle spasms
  • Parascapular - Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm parascapular musculature
  • Paraspinal -
    1. Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm parascapular musculature
    2. Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm bilateral paracervical and lumbar spine
  • Paraspinous lumbar tenderness -
  • Paraspinous thoracic tenderness -
  • Parasthesia (tingling/numbness)
  • Paravertebral - Example: Paravertebral muscle spasm
  • Physical capabilities exam
  • Physical therapy - Example: Physical therapy using pulmonary toilet to clear airways
  • Pneumothorax
  • Post Concussion - Example: Post concussion syndrome
  • Posterior - Example: Grade 1 changes to posterior horns of menisci - but not torn
  • Post Traumatic - Example: Post traumatic myalgia
  • Protrusion - Example: Left paracentral discal substance protrusion/herniation
  • Proximal - Example: Anterolateral proximal tibia
  • Pulmonary -
    1. Example: Pulmonary contusions
    2. Example: Physical therapy using pulmonary toilet to clear airways
  • Radiating - Example: Radiating neck pain
  • Radiulnar Recess - Example: Acquired fenestration or tear of the TFC complex associated with escape of joint fluid in the inferior radioulnar recess
  • Range of motion decreased
    1. Example: range of motion is 10 degrees full extension and around 80 degrees flexion
  • Rectus - Example: Inferior herniation of extraconal fat and possible entrapment of left inferior rectus
  • Renal - Example: Renal contusion
  • Respiration - Example: Painful respiration
  • Sacroilliac - Example: Sacroilliac joint sprain/strain
  • Scoliosis - Example: Congenital
  • Shoulder - Example: Impingement left shoulder
  • SI Joint - Example: Subluxation of the SI joint
  • Signal - Example: Elevated signal in shoulder
  • Signal intensity -
    1. Example: Lumbar MRI: Hyperintense signal intensity on stir imaging is seen in the interspinious ligamentous regions
  • Sinus hemorrhage
  • Snoring respirations -
  • Soft tissue
  • Spasm - Example: Paravertebral muscle spasm
  • Spinal Cord - Example: C2-3 - 3-4mm disc herniation slightly contacts the right anterior spinal cord
  • Spine -
    1. Example: Thoracic Spine Pain
    2. Example: Paraspinal muscle spasm bilateral paracervical and lumbar Spine -
  • Sprain -
    1. Example: Sprain back acute
    2. Example: Sacroilliac joint sprain/strain
    3. Example: Sprain medial collateral ligament
  • Sternum - Example: Chest - mid-sternum
  • Stir imaging - Example: Lumbar MRI: Hyperintense signal intensity on stir imaging is seen in the interspinious ligamentous regions
  • Strain -
    1. Example: Strain back acute
    2. Example: Sacroilliac joint sprain/strain
  • Stranding - Example: Right infrahilar stranding
  • Subcortical - Example: Subcortical fracture anterior medial aspect of the medial femoral condyle
  • Subluxation - Example: Subluxation of the SI joint
  • Swelling -
  • Syndrome - Example: Post concussion syndrome
  • Synovial Fluid - Example: Aspirated about 40 cc of cloudy appearing synovial fluid
  • Tenderness - Example: Positive tenderness in lumbar or thoracic
  • Tendonitis - Example: Tendonitis in wrist
  • Tenosynovitis -
    1. Example: Mild tenosynovitis of extensor digitorum/indicis tendons dorsal to the wrist
    2. Example: Mild tenosynovitis to the intersection of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons at the dorsal aspect of the wrist
  • TFC Complex Tear - Example: Acquired fenestration or tear of the TFC complex associated with escape of joint fluid in the inferior radioulnar recess
  • Thecal Sac - Example: L2-3 - slight bulging 1-2mm, L3-4 2-3 mm bulging slightly effacing thecal sac, L4-5 3-4 mm disc bulging, L5-S1 4mm disc herniation
  • Thoracic Spine -
    1. Example: Lateral list of thoracic spine suggestive of muscle spasm
    2. Example: Thoracic Spine Pain
  • Tibia - Example: Anterolateral proximal tibia
  • Trauma -
    1. Example: Blunt trauma chest-wall pain
    2. Example: Edema (fluid) in knee from trauma
    3. Example: Post traumatic myalgia
  • Ventral subarachnoid space - Example: narrowing of the ventral subarachnoid space at approx C5-6 level
  • Verbal stimulus -
  • Whiplash -
  • Wrist -
    1. Example: Fracture carpal navicular left wrist
    2. Example: Tendonitis in wrist
    3. Example: Acquired fenestration or tear of the TFC complex associated with escape of joint fluid in the inferior radioulnar recess
    4. Example: Mild tenosynovitis of extensor digitorum/indicis tendons dorsal to the wrist
    5. Example: Mild tenosynovitis to the intersection of the extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis tendons at the dorsal aspect of the wrist
    6. Example: Inflammatory change in carpal and Guyon's canal
  • Xray - Example: xrays of right hip and knee