Common Injuries Caused by Auto Accidents

A car accident can injure almost any part of the body seriously. In 2019, there were 12,907 serious injury crashes in Texas, with 15,855 people seriously injured. During the same period, 3,623 people were killed in car accidents in Texas. The following are some of the most common injuries sustained by victims of automobile accidents:


The most serious types of injuries seen in auto accidents and truck accidents are catastrophic injuries: 

Catastrophic Injury - A catastrophic injury is defined as "a serious injury that has severe and long-term consequences for the person who sustains it, including permanent severe functional disability." Examples include traumatic brain, spine, or spinal cord injury, multiple trauma, and loss of major body parts. Catastrophic injuries can be caused by a variety of negligence, including the forces involved in auto accidents, truck accidents, construction accidents, and premises liability, as well as other types of injuries caused by negligence. 

Categories of catastrophic injuries, depending on the severity of the injury, include spinal cord injuries, traumatic head injuries, and internal organ injuries

Spinal Cord Injury - Spinal cord injuries frequently result in paralysis and numbness. It can cause reflex problems, breathing problems, and bowel and bladder control problems. Muscle spasms, sensitivity, pain, and sexual problems are some of the side effects. Bed sores, bladder infections, and lung infections are examples of secondary medical issues. Negligence-caused spinal cord injuries are frequently classified as catastrophic injuries, depending on the severity of the injury. Car accidents are a common cause of spinal cord injuries. Car accidents cause almost 40 percent of the 12,500 spinal cord injuries that occur in the United States each year.

Internal Organ Injury - A car accident is one of the most common types of trauma that results in internal organ injuries. Internal organ injuries can result in complications. Internal bleeding is the most serious type of internal injury. Internal bleeding can occur as a result of punctured lungs, ruptured blood vessels, or intestinal tract perforations. Frontal collisions account for roughly half of all internal organ injuries caused by car accidents. Collisions on the left and right sides account for roughly one-third and one-fifth of these injuries, respectively.

Head Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injuries - While any injury has the potential to be fatal, head and brain injuries are among the most dangerous. Severe brain injuries are frequently fatal due to the fragility of the skull and brain. Catastrophic injuries include serious traumatic brain injuries. Traumatic brain injuries can result from serious car accidents, truck accidents, and other types of personal injury cases. Among people aged 15 to 64, transportation-related injuries are the leading cause of traumatic brain injury.

Other types of head, face and brain injuries commonly seen in auto accidents include: 

Concussions - An injury to the head can have both immediate and long-term consequences. If your concussion was caused by the negligence of another person, such as a car accident, you should be compensated for your injuries. Engage the services of a personal injury lawyer to hold them accountable and obtain the compensation you need and deserve.

Traumatic Facial Injury - Mouth, face, and jaw injuries are examples of facial injuries. These range from minor cuts and lacerations on the face to more serious issues such as broken teeth and facial bones. Fractures in the lower or upper jaw, palate, cheekbones, or eye sockets are all possible in auto accidents and other personal injury cases due to the forces involved.

Traumatic Eye Injury - Eye injuries from trauma include black eyes, bleeding in the eye, burns and irritation, corneal abrasions, injuries from a foreign object, orbital fractures, retinal detachments, PVD injuries, and floaters from PVDs or retinal detachments or fractures (trauma). Every year, an estimated 9,280 to 11,600 eyeball injuries occur in the United States as a result of car accidents.

Orbital Fracture - An orbital fracture occurs when one or more of the bones surrounding the eyeball break, which is commonly caused by a hard blow to the face, as seen in car accidents, falls, or other dangerous conditions that result in serious injury. Ophthalmologists examine the eye and surrounding area to diagnose a fracture. X-rays and computed tomography (CT) scans can also be used to determine the extent of the injury. The most commonly documented mechanism of injury for orbital fractures is a car accident.

Detached Retina Trauma - When a detached retina is discovered, it usually requires immediate medical attention, which necessitates the surgical skills of an experienced eye doctor. If the patient's condition is not treated as a medical emergency, functional vision in the eye may be lost if the macula detaches from the retina. A car or truck accident that results in a blow to the face or head is a common cause of a detached retina. Motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of eye injuries in the United States, according to the National Institutes of Health.

PVD Eye Injury Trauma - PVD (posterior vitreous detachment) is the separation of the vitreous membrane from the retina. The separation of the posterior hyaloid membrane from the retina anywhere posterior to the vitreous base is what this condition is defined as. A PVD is frequently a warning sign that the retina is about to detach and, if not treated promptly, can result in blindness in the eye. When the face is struck in a car accident, this is common.

Eye Floaters Caused by Trauma - Dark shapes or transparent threads appear in your field of vision as eye floaters. These spots will move with your eyes, eventually fading out of your field of vision. A car accident's high impact can cause victims to develop eye floaters, which could be a symptom of a sight-threatening injury such as a retinal tear or retinal detachment.

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Common neck and back injuries caused by auto accidents include: 

Traumatic Neck Injuries - The vertebrae, spinal cord, nerves, discs, windpipe, esophagus, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and blood vessels comprise the neck. Any of these parts of the neck can be injured in a car accident. Neck injuries can range from soft tissue injuries to spinal cord injuries that cause paralysis, depending on the severity. 

Traumatic Back Injuries - A traumatic injury is a back injury caused by a car accident. Depending on the type of injury, the treatment will differ. Sprains and strains are frequently treated differently than spinal fractures. The type of doctor to see for a back injury differs as well. Serious back injuries can include injuries to the spinal cord and paralysis. 

Bulging Discs and Herniated Discs - Bulging discs form when the outer shell of the disc weakens, allowing it to bulge or flatten to one side of the spinal canal. This could happen if you have a spinal disc injury. A swollen disc is analogous to letting air out of a car tire. It appears that the disc is sagging and bulging outward. These injuries can put pressure on or even make contact with nerves that run through the spine, resulting in a wide range of pain, numbness, burning sensations, and other medical problems. These are common injuries sustained in car accidents and falls.

Anterolisthesis - Anterolisthesis is a spine condition in which the upper vertebral body, the drum-shaped area in front of each vertebra, slips forward onto the vertebra below. Anterolisthesis symptoms vary greatly depending on whether or not the slippage pinches the nerve roots and which area is affected. Car accidents and falls are two of the most common causes of this condition.

Cervical Radiculopathy - Cervical radiculopathy is a medical term that describes when a nerve root in the cervical spine becomes inflamed or damaged, causing a change in neurological function. Numbness, abnormal reflexes, or weakness that begins in the neck can spread to the shoulder, arm, hand, or fingers. Tingling or pain ranging from achy to shock-like or burning may radiate into the arm or hand. This condition is common as a result of the trauma of a car accident or other personal injury case in which forces cause neck injury.

Whiplash - Whiplash can be mild or severe depending on the severity of the injury caused by the car accident. Despite the fact that modern vehicle safety systems are more likely to prevent severe whiplash, it is still possible. Low-Speed Rear Impact Collisions cause chronic neck pain in approximately 9% of all Americans. If this is the case in your accident, you must seek immediate medical attention.

Soft Tissue Injury - Other, more serious injuries could be hiding behind the seemingly innocuous soft tissue case. A minor fender-bender can result in spinal injuries, disc bulging and herniation, concussions, and brain injuries. Symptoms can appear gradually, and how you feel right after an accident is not always indicative of the true extent of your injuries.

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Common injuries in auto accidents to the upper body include injuries to the shoulders, arms, wrist, hands, and chest: 

Traumatic Shoulder Injury - Our shoulders and rotator cuffs act as pivot points from which we can move our arms freely. With healthy shoulders, you can carry items, drive a car, put on clothes, cook, clean, do yard work, and perform a variety of other arm-related tasks. Shoulder injuries limit our ability to do almost any job until the pain subsides.

Rotator Cuff Trauma - The injury patterns observed in studies of rotator cuff tears and injuries were falls (often onto an outstretched arm), forceful external rotation with an abducted or adducted arm, motor vehicle accidents, lifting a heavy object, sporting activities, and reaching out to grab a rail to prevent falling.

Arm Injury Trauma - Common arm injuries include bruises (contusions), sprains (ligament injuries), tendon injuries, pulled muscles (strains), ruptures of the bicep or triceps tendon, fractures, dislocations, shoulder injuries, elbow injuries, hand injuries, and wrist injuries. All are injuries common in auto accidents.

Wrist Injury Trauma - Depending on the severity of the wrist injury, the victim may require extensive medical treatment, such as physical therapy, pain medication, cast immobilization, and, in some cases, surgery. Wrist injury treatment can frequently result in significant medical bills.

Traumatic Hand Injury - Hand injuries can take many different forms. Traumatic hand injuries include lacerations, bruising, contusions, broken bones, and fractures caused by a forceful trauma to the hand. Hand trauma can occur as a result of a number of different accidents.

Traumatic Chest Injury - Auto accident chest wall injuries include sternal fractures, shoulder girdle fractures, contusions and hematomas, rib fractures, and flail chest.

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Lower body injuries commonly seen in auto accidents include injuries to the hips, pelvis, legs, knees, ankles, and feet. They include injuries to the following areas: 

Traumatic Pelvis & Hip Injury - A pelvic or hip injury can be severely incapacitating. These injuries can result from a direct hit, a severe twisting motion, or even a compression-type motion seen in trip and fall accidents and car accidents.

Traumatic Leg Injury - As a result of car accidents, people can sustain a variety of leg injuries. Among them are fractures, abrasions, lacerations, Achilles tendon ruptures, dislocations, knee injuries, ankle injuries, and foot injuries.

Knee Injury Trauma - Many car accident victims suffer knee injuries, including soft tissue, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and joint damage. A collision impact can cause a fracture, dislocation, cartilage tear, sprain, or strain due to the blunt force trauma or twisting.

ACL Tear from Trauma - ACL tears are serious knee injuries. It is one of the four major knee ligaments. It divides the upper and lower legs by running diagonally down the middle of the knee (keeping the lower leg from sliding out from the femur). It also gives the knee rotational stability.

Collateral Ligament Knee Injury - Ligaments are fibrous tissue bands that connect the ends of bones. The collateral ligaments, which can be found on either side of the knee, restrict the joint's side-to-side motion. The Medial Collateral Ligament is located on the side of the knee that is closest to the opposing knee. The Lateral Collateral Ligament is found on the other side of the knee.

Traumatic Ankle Injury - Ankle injuries are severe injuries that can occur as a result of a car accident. In order to receive the compensation you deserve in your case, you will need to hire a personal injury attorney who specializes in car wreck injuries if you are looking for an ankle injury accident lawyer.

Traumatic Foot Injury - Traumatic foot injuries include bruises (contusions), puncture wounds, ligament injuries that support your joints, tendon injuries such as ruptured tendons in your heel, joint injuries (sprains), pulled muscles (strains), broken bones or fractures, dislocations, and compartment syndrome.

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The following types of injuries, fractures and burns, are also commonly seen in auto accidents and can be caused to various parts of the body: 

Burn Injuries from Accidents - Expenses in a major burn case can easily exceed hundreds of thousands of dollars in the past. Intensive care by specially trained personnel using specialized medical equipment and supplies is usually followed by physical therapy and multiple surgeries as the initial treatment.

Fractures Caused by Trauma - Traumatic fractures are partial or complete breaks in the bone. This type of injury frequently necessitates weeks, months, or even years of medical treatment. In car accidents, fractures are common. The severity of a fracture is usually determined by the patient's health and the force that broke the bone. The bone may break if there are strong forces involved, such as in a car accident.


If you have suffered serious injuries in a car accident caused by someone else, it is critical that you consult with an experienced car accident lawyer.
Our firm can thoroughly examine the facts and evidence in your case and collaborate with investigators to prove that another driver's negligence caused the accident and the injuries that resulted from it.

We collaborate with medical experts and other types of experts to determine the extent of your injuries, their costs, and every type of legal damage you are entitled to as a result of your injury. We work tirelessly to obtain the compensation owed to car accident victims. We seek these monetary damages through negotiation or, if necessary, litigation.


There are filing deadlines for car accident claims, so it is critical that you meet with an auto accident attorney at the Law Office of Doug Goyen as soon as possible to evaluate your case. Contact us today for a free evaluation and consultation by calling or texting (972) 599-4100.

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Very professional job handling my accident claim. I had some ER bills, and some visits to my ortho after (and various other bills that kept coming in). I was afraid I was going to get stuck owing money, but Doug Goyen took care of the case and had everything paid, including compensating me for the injury. Great lawyer IMO. I felt like my case was taken care of very well. Thx!! Bernard M.
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Mr. Goyen helped me take on my own insurance company, the great and mighty Allstate. My prior firm basically dumped me, with a permanent injury because the case didn’t meet their financial guidelines for a settlement. I was a bicycle rider hit by a car driver at an intersection, and Allstate was the company on BOTH SIDES OF THE CLAIM. My own insurance company tried to throw me under the bus to limit their payout! Without Mr. Goyen’s help, I would have been left with NOTHING! I had thousands of dollars in unpaid medical bills, unable to receive treatment to correct the issue. He was unafraid and helped me get the best settlement I could … I am tremendously thankful! Pamala M.